Overlooking the charming town of Oxford from a prominent hillside, Shippen Manor is a unique 18th-century iron master’s residence that has been restored and preserved by Warren County and which now operates as a curated museum. Listed on both the State and National Registers of Historic Places, the beautiful Georgian-style stone mansion was built in 1754 by Dr. William Shippen, a self taught physician who is rumored to have counted Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and George Washington as patients.
The Shippens, a socially prominent and wealthy family from Philadelphia, stayed in the Manor while visiting their nearby investment, the Oxford Furnace. The estate boasted over four thousand acres including land along the Delaware River and a grant from the King of England to operate a ferry. Largely self sufficient, this iron plantation was surrounded by tenant farms, various mills, stores, and of course the iron furnace. Built in 1741, the Oxford Furnace was the third furnace in Colonial New Jersey, the first where iron ore is mined, and also the site of the first "hot blast" which was an innovative method that cut production time. The Furnace produced a variety of iron products including cannonballs for George Washington’s army during the Revolutionary War.